4. California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
Based in California’s suburb Pasadena, California Institute of Technology is among the leading private research universities in the world. It was established as a vocational school in 1891 and was known as Throop University. Today, it is globally recognized as Caltech due to its expertise in engineering and natural science. This university is authorized to the Western Association of Schools and Colleges. It is associated with AAU, HHMI, and NASA (JPL).
Caltech’s campus has five institutes namely Beckman Institute, Kavli Nanoscience Institute, Rosen Bioengineering Center, Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Institute for Neuroscience, and the Resnick Sustainability Institute. The Millikan Library is the highest building on the university campus. Apart from Pasadena, the institute also has its campuses in Louisiana, Hawaii, Switzerland, and Washington. Spread over 124 acres of land, Caltech has seven buildings that make for student and family residences on the campus. The university also maintains several athletic teams in basketball, volleyball, soccer, tennis, swimming, and fencing, for both men and women.
Caltech offers graduate, undergraduate and doctoral degree programs in mathematics, chemistry, biology, computer science, physics, and earth sciences. The academic structure of the university comprises six divisions namely Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Humanities and Social Sciences, Biology and Biological Engineering, Geological and Planetary Sciences, Engineering, and Applied Science.
Currently, there are more than 1,285 graduate students in Caltech and about 948 students enrolled in undergraduate programs. There are around 3,900 employees at Caltech including alumni and non-alumni academic faculties. The university staff includes professors who are highly learned and expert in science and applied sciences.
Caltech maintains a notable list of alumni who have gained a good reputation in their respective fields. The university has Over 24,000 alumni including 38 noble laureates. Harrison Hagan Jack Schmitt, a noted geologist, and NASA astronaut graduated from Caltech in 1957. Famous biochemist and author Linus Carl Pauling also graduated from this university.
The alumni list also includes Mustafa A.G. Abushagur (former Deputy Prime Minister of Libya), Charles Gordon Fullerton (astronaut and air force colonel), Regina Dugan (first female director of DARPA), Arvind Virmani (Indian government’s former Chief Economic Adviser), Arati Prabhakar (DARPA’s 20th director), Arnold Orville Beckman ( inventor of pH meter), Gordon Earle Moore (American engineer and Intel Corporation’s co-founder).