5. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Incorporated in the year 1861, Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a private research institute located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 1865, four years after the approval of its founding charter, the Institute admitted its first student and shortly thereafter in 1871, admitted its first woman student. MIT’s opening marked the foundation of a new kind of independent educational institution by coupling teaching and research with a primary focus on solving real-world problems. There are 30 departments across 5 schools in MIT, pioneering new ways of learning on the campus.
With more than 1,067 Faculty members, MIT continues to play a vital role in shaping the future of undergraduate and graduate students as advisors, mentors, coaches, committee members and much more. In addition, the Institute’s board of trustees include 78 eminent leaders in science, engineering, education, industry, and other professions. Additionally, the faculty members continue to thrive the global standard of excellence in their disciplines.
MIT is set in a campus of 168 acres, situated between Central and Kendall Squares, and across the Charles River from Boston’s Back Bay; comprising of 26 acres of playing fields, more than 20 gardens and green spaces, 18 student residences and around 50 publicly cited works of art.
The academic departments and institutes encompass numerous degree-granting programs and interdisciplinary centers, laboratories, and programs. In the year 2019-20, MIT student population of 11,520 including 458 international undergraduate and 2873 international graduate students came from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, four territories, and 129 foreign countries. MIT also offers a number of executive and professional programs for entrepreneurs, executives, managers, and technical professionals through online as well as on-campus mode.
Many MIT staff are eminent international scholars from different parts of the world. MIT is placed at the heart of one of the most vibrant hubs of innovation and entrepreneurship – Cambridge. From medical research to clean water technology, sustainable energy, urban resiliency, Alzheimer’s, cancer and infectious disease are some of the innovations where MIT scholars have made an impact.
In the academic year 2016–2017, MIT hosted 2,379 international scholars comprising of 75% men and 25% women from 96 countries. It is one of the top institutions that produced 95 Noble laureates, 59 National Medal of Science winners, 29 National Medal of Technology and Innovation winners, 77 MacArthur Fellows and 15 A. M. Turing Award winners.